Homework Nervous System

  1. Give the definition of each term and state if it is PNS or CNS where appropriate:
    1. Ganglion
    2. Tract
    3. Nerve
    4. Neuron
    5. Integration center
    6. Somatic
    7. Visceral
    8. Afferent
    9. Efferent
    10. Convergence
    11. Divergence
    12. Cauda equine
    13. filum terminale
    14. Conus medullaris
  2. What is in the CNS?
  3. Name anatomy parts of the neuron
  4. What does saltatory mean?
  5. What is an action potential and where does it begin?
  6. What is a gated potential?
  7. List the cells of the neurons and supporting glia with in CNS and then within the PNS. Describe each; be able to tell which ones in the CNS are similar to the ones in the PNS.
  8. What determines the velocity (speed) of the nerve innervated?
  9. Which NT or ligands are released from presynaptic cells? Which from postsynaptic cells (know ANS or SNS)
  10. Is calcium important for an action potential and what does it do for the neuron?
  11. What ions are important for EPSP and IPSP, excitatory and inhibitory?
  12. What is the resting membrane potential?
  13. When does an action potential take place in terms of the graph?
  14. Which neurotransmitter opens with chloride channel?
  15. When can a neuron have a second action potential?
  16. Describe EPSP and IPSP
  17. Describe with words the order (from superficial to deep) the meningeal layer
  18. Describe the order of movement of the CSF starting with the choroid plexus
  19. What is the central sulcus? What does it separate?
  20. What is the lateral sulcus? What does it separate?
  21. List the areas of motor areas in the brain and describe: Primary motor….
  22. List the areas of sensory areas in the brain and describe: Broca ….
  23. What makes up the diencephalon?
  24. Where lies the pineal and pituitary glands?
  25. What are the functions of the medulla oblongata?
  26. What are the functions of the blood brain barrier? What types of cells and junctions are involved?
  27. List the 3 myelinated tracts and tell the direction of each; give example.
  28. What does the superior colliculus and inferior colliculus do?
  29. Know the CN 1 through 12 and what they represent
  30. Which CN control the eye mm? which CN is for vision?
  31. What CN are involved in taste
  32. What CN control the chewing, blinking, eyes open, eyes close, pucking? …..
  33. List the catecholamines
  34. List what happens to the body during sympathetic mode:
    1. Eyes
    2. Heart
    3. Digestive
    4. Sweating
    5. Glucose
    6. Blood vessels
    7. Lungs
    8. Reproductive organs
    9. Salivary glands
  35. List the types of reflexes and their definitions

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