Invention of Polio Vaccine by Jonas Salk discussion

Significant Contributions to Public Health Final Assignment Part 1

[WLOs: 3] [CLO: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, review these resources:

Go to Week 5 and read the Significant Contributions to Public Health Final Assignment Part 2 details. Review the grading rubric in Week 3 and Week 5 to understand the full grading criteria. Because of the size of this project, you will be doing the first part of the Final Assignment this week, and then integrating your work and instructor’s feedback with the Final Assignment in Week 5.

For this assignment, you will be researching a historical figure in the public health world, their contribution to public health, and how their work helped shape the public health system that serves the community. Furthermore, you will be analyzing how their contribution from the past continues to contribute to today’s public health system, and how it might guide future work within the industry. You have the option of writing a paper or putting together a presentation.

Complete the following steps:

  • Step 1: To begin, select one of these historical figures. They are linked throughout the textbook to help get you started on your project. Choose one of the following:
    • John Snow
    • Margaret Sanger
    • Jonas Salk
    • Larry Kramer
    • Edward Jenner
    • Rachel Carson
    • Sara Josephine Baker
    • William Phelps Eno
    • Sir Edwin Chadwick
    • Luther Terry
    • John Graunt
    • Dick Cheney
    • Everett Koop
    • E.B. DuBois
    • Charles Edward Winslow
    • Franklin D. Roosevelt
    • Clara Barton
    • Florence Nightingale
    • Thomas Francis
    • Albert Calmette
    • Camille Guerin
    • Ignaz Semmelweiss
    • An individual of your own choice: you must obtain instructor approval in advance for this option.

Use the outline below to organize your paper or presentation. Do not type the “Steps” into your paper or presentation. Rather, formulate a well thought out analysis with logical transitions as you would a professional paper or presentation. The grading rubric will be your guide for all the points you need to address in your final submission. Research and critical thinking is a large component of this project. You will curate resources to support your statements using proper APA Style (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..

  • Step 2: Describe your selected person’s biographical background (i.e., experience).
    • TIP: Research the individual’s background. This can include resume elements such as birthdate, location, education, and brief statement of their contribution to public health. (Reminder: biographical information can be easily plagiarized. Please do not copy from your biographical websites. Paraphrase or quote and cite everything according to APA.)
  • Step 3: Analyze the climate of the time period in terms of political, socioeconomic, environmental, and technological context in which this person worked.
    • TIP: Research the barriers and issue of the time. Think about whether this person was up against resistance or if the work this person did was welcomed. (For example, if you were writing on Abraham Lincoln and the abolition of slavery, you would note that slavery was prevalent and accepted at the time, and the change was welcomed by some and rejected by others.)
  • Step 4: Examine the personal beliefs of your person that prompted this work.
    • TIP: You are basically addressing the question: “Why did this person get involved with the issue at the time?” (In continuing the Lincoln example above, you would note that black people were considered property, not people; yet Lincoln believed everyone had equal rights regardless of skin color.)
  • Step 5: Examine how this individual overcame or confronted any adversities.
    • TIP: Think about how this person overcame the barriers and issues. Questions to consider: What did the person specifically do? Did they have any allies? How did their actions succeed or fail?
  • Step 6: Describe the final outcome of this individual’s contribution to community or public health.
    • TIP: Think about the importance of the contribution to community or public health at the time. Think about this question: What occurred as a result of this person’s action?
  • Step 7: Explain what the individual’s contribution did for overall community or public health at the time.
    • TIP: Think about this question: What was the purpose for the community or nation? (In the Lincoln example, the explanation would involve a national recognition of human rights of all people, regardless of skin color.)
  • Step 8: Explain why this contribution was so important at that particular point in history.
    • TIP: Think about this question: What made this important for our nation? (In the Lincoln example, you would answer the question: Why was it so important that Lincoln freed the slaves?)

You have a choice of which format you wish to present your findings. You can choose either a written paper or a presentation format. Follow the instructions below for the option you choose.

Option 1: Written Paper Format

The Significant Contributions to Public Health Final Assignment Part 1 paper

Option 2: Presentation Format (with audio or with speaker’s notes)

The Significant Contributions to Public Health Final Assignment Part 1 presentation

If you are unable to access the technology for this assignment due to a documented accommodation on file with the Office of Student Access and Wellness, inform your instructor as soon as possible.

Research Sources for Your Final Project

All of the individuals and their contributions are searchable through Ashford’s library at FindIt@AU platform (this is the search box on the library’s homepage). This platform searches across most of the databases that the library subscribes to. Watch the How to Use FindIt@AU (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.video.

The “Credo Reference” database in the Ashford Library is also a great place to conduct background research for the Final Assignment Parts 1 and 2. You can access Credo Reference by clicking on the “Encylopedias & Dictionaries” button on the library homepage.

More specific database information is below are the specific databases that I think will be most helpful for this assignment.

Ebook Central: the library’s largest e-book database. E-books will have some great academic, general information that will be particularly helpful in providing biographical and background information. (Background information on the people listed as well as the health topics and time periods.)

EBSCOhost and ProQuest: These are two of the library’s largest databases that will be useful resources after conducting initial, background research.

JSTOR: an archival database with scholarly articles (articles will not be very recent, some may range from quite old to just a couple years old). This database will be particularly helpful when analyzing the historical/ social perspectives of each topic.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

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