Question 1 A homeless person whose father was a physician has experienced:
Biological theories often view crime as emanating from deteriorated and deprived lower class neighborhoods.
Gangs may be attractive because they meet normal social and psychological needs.
According to your text, which of the followingis not a predictor of whether a U.S. family is poor?
c.female head of household
____________ arises when it unclear as to what people in society should aspire toward and/or how to achieve these goals.
Wealth and income are the same thing.
Capitalist, upper-middle, lower-middle, working class, working poor, and underclass represent the class system in the:
b.third world nations
d.none of the above
A monarchy form of government represents charismatic authority.
A ritualist is one who over conforms to society’s prescriptions. A common example is a bureaucrat.
People in the ___________ class are more likely to be liberal on economic issues and conservative on social issues.
d.all of the above
Who of the following could be called a charismatic leader?
b.Registrar of Motor Vehicles
c.Martin Luther King, Jr.
d.the president of a large corporation
Laissez-faire capitalism exists today in the United states as it did in the 19th century.
The “self-fulfilling prophecy” is a basic assumption of which theory?
According to the conflict theory of social stratification, the rich are rich because they held a monopoly over society’s scarce and valued assets.
Which of the following approaches attempts to understand deviance in terms of factors that lie outside of the individual?
Max Weber maintained that it was the ownership of the means of production that determined one’s place in the strafication system.
Conspicuous consumption refers to only buying goods and services that are practical.
California and Texas have proportionately more poor people as compared to New Hampshire and Massachusetts.
A policeman who flags down a motorist is using rational-legal authority
Functionalists believe that any one group is prevented from gaining control of the government because of:
a.the existence of pluralism.
b.the use of checks and balances.
c.the presence of many interest groups to which politicians must pay attention.
d.All of the above
The functionalist theory of social class portrays stratification as:
c.a conspiracy of the rich
d.a and b only
Most people obey the law and social norms because they have been socialized to internalize the cultural standards.
According to conflict theorists, the ruling class is:
a.a group that meets together and agrees on specific matters.
b.a group which tends to have complete unity on issues.
c.made up of people whose backgrounds and orientations to life are so similar that they automatically share the same goals.
Private ownership of the means of production is an essential feature of:
c.hunting and gathering
d.none of the above
In the United States, the poor are more likely to be:
a.people who live in the South
e.all of the above
_______________ is the violation of norms that are written into law.
A form of social stratification in which positions are awarded based on merit is called a(n):
b.open class or meritocracy
The ruling class often rules on the basis if ideology rather than force.
A coalition of military, government and business executives, united by interlocking interests and social affinity, who in Mill’s opinion rule America from behind closed doors is called the:
Industializing nations include:
e.b and c
Which of the following is the most important determinant to one’s socioeconomic status?
The store manager at a shoe store at the mall would sociologically be considered to be of which of the following social classes?
b.lower middle class
c.upper middle class
The joint ownership of a business enterprise, whose liabilities and obligations are separate from those of its owners is a(n):